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June 6, 1832 (aged 26)
|Cause of Death||
Executed by the soldiers alongside Grantaire taking eight bullets to the torso (novel & 2012 film & 2019 BBC miniseries)
Only son of rich parents
Enjolras (pronounced: [ɑ̃ʒolʁas]) is a character in the novel Les Misérables by Victor Hugo. He is the youthful, handsome, and charming, though "capable of being terrible," leader of Les Amis de l'ABC . A "priest of the ideal", Enjolras is devoted to the revolution and his republican ideals. He is a skilled combatant during the June Rebellion, facing a battalion of the National Guard alone, but he sustains no wounds or injuries prior to his death. Enjolras is killed by a firing squad in the Corinthe, holding hands with Grantaire.
Novel[edit | edit source]
About [edit | edit source]
Enjolras was born into a wealthy family in 1806. He believes in democracy and freedom and is willing to do anything to achieve it. Hugo tells the reader that Enjolras is a very charming young man who is also capable of being terrible. He is described as having blonde curls and blue eyes. Despite his good looks, however, he has no interest in women.
After the death of General Lamarque, Enjolras and his followers take part in a rebellion that breaks out after soldiers fire on civilians during General Lamarque's funeral convoy. Victor Hugo writes: “Within less than an hour twenty-seven barricades had sprung up in the quarter of Les Halles alone. At the centre was the famous house no. 50 [should be 30] which became the fortress of the workers’ leader, Charles Jeanne, and his 106 followers.” The rebellion is very unsuccessful. On Enjolras's barricade, all but two people are killed (excluding the five insurgents Enjolras orders to leave out of necessity when it becomes clear that the barricade is doomed). He is a passionate leader and fighter that cares about the people of France; when he is forced to shoot a man, he not only regrets it but the shooting of Le Cabuc is symbolic of Enjolras' capability of being terrible, as well as the Amis' realization that they're all going to die at the barricade.
Les Amis l'ABC[edit | edit source]
Enjolras is the passionate leader of Les Amis de l'ABC, a group of students and workingmen dedicated to making political changes in France. In the musical he is shown to have a closer bond with his fellow revolutionaries, including young Gavroche. Enjolras devoutly believes in democratic freedom, which leads him into an argument with the Bonapartist Marius Pontmercy. Enjolras strives to realize democracy and equality. He declares "Patria" or "Homeland" as his mistress and only has eyes for his causes. This makes him a foil of the character Grantaire, who is cynical and believes in nothing (besides Enjolras himself). Despite the differences in their characters, Grantaire looks up to Enjolras.
June 5, 1832[edit | edit source]
During the funeral of Lamarque, a popular defender of the people, the monarchy dispatches troops to keep the peace. As shots are fired, Enjolras and the rest of the Friends of the ABC spring up and build a barricade outside of a wine shop in the rue Mondetour. They build the barricade out of common items, arm themselves and prepare for the coming fight. Gavroche points out that Javert, posing as a revolutionary, is actually a spy for the army. The men take Javert prisoner and tie him to a pole in the Corinth restaurant. After a revolutionary shoots an innocent bystander, Enjolras promptly executes him as penalty. It's mentioned that the executed revolutionary was not only Claquesous, one of the four heads of Patron-Minette, but that he had been hired to stir up anarchy amongst the revolutionaries. The students mourn the death of Mabeuf, who was shot attempting to return the red flag of the revolution to its post, having volunteered to do this task. Enjolras gives Mabeuf a kiss on the forehead, and later on the hand - and Victor Hugo states that those are the only two kisses Enjolras has bestowed in his entire life. He then erects Mabeuf's coat in place of the flag to honor his courage. After discussing the matter, the students decide to keep Javert as a hostage. Enjolras sends five men away from the barricade, realizing that those at the barricade will die. Valjean arrives at the barricade. Enjolras orders Javert's execution following the execution of Jean Prouvaire at the hands of the National Guard; Valjean leads Javert away with permission to do this task and sets him free instead.
Death[edit | edit source]
The barricades fall and as the army presses onwards, Enjolras retreats into the wine shop. He alone is left untouched by bullets and wounds, but with no other weapon in hand except for the barrel of his carbine. Enjolras himself told the National Guards to shoot him, throwing away the stump of his carbine, folded his arms and presented his breast. Just before the guardsmen were about to shoot him, Grantaire, awakening from his drunken stupor, asks to be shot with Enjolras with the words: "Vive la république! I'm one of them." Grantaire asks Enjolras's permission to die beside him. Enjolras then takes Grantaire's hand as a reply and smiles at him, and the soldiers execute both of them together. Enjolras, pierced by eight bullets, remained backed against the wall, as if the balls nailed him there. He only bowed his head. In the 2012 film, after he was shot by the soldiers, his body flung back and his foot, which was held on in the window, held and stopped his body from falling out the window down near the barricade.
Musical[edit | edit source]
Songs[edit | edit source]
Act I[edit | edit source]
Act II[edit | edit source]
- Building the Barricade (Upon These Stones)
- At the Barricade (Upon These Stones)
- Javert's Arrival
- Little People
- Night of Anguish
- The First Attack
- Drink With Me
- Dawn of Anguish
- The Second Attack (Death of Gavroche)
- The Final Battle
- Empty Chairs At Empty Tables (silent)
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Musical[edit | edit source]
Films[edit | edit source]
To see more photos, click here.